To produce valid, reliable, and reproducible results, it is important to ensure that a discovered pattern or relationship in the data is not an outcome of random chance, but rather represents a significant effect that did not occur due to natural variability in the data samples. This often involves using statistical procedures for avoiding false discoveries. A statistical test is a generic procedure for measuring the evidence for accepting or rejecting a hypothesis that the outcome (result) of an experiment or a data analysis procedure provides.
Find a recent scholarly article involving statistical testing techniques in data mining from a credible source on the Internet or the UC Library (no blogs, no book chapters). In your initial post, please describe the technique and the significance of the procedure in the realm of data mining and validity testing.