Assignment: Provide in-depth analysis of the Hiroshima narrative that Michael Walzer relates in Just and Unjust Wars by addressing principles (e.g., jus ad bellum, jus in bello, the war convention, double effect, the sliding scale, etc.), issues (e.g., human rights), and/or problems (e.g., war crimes). SOME NOTES: 1. In addition to Walzer’s Just and Unjust Wars, you may want to use Davidson’s “The Development of the Just War Tradition” and/or Cook’s “The Moral Framework of War.” 2. You must bring at least one of the philosophers we’ve studied (e.g., Plato, Aristotle, Hobbes, Kant, and/or Mill) into your analysis. For example, would Plato or Aristotle say that soldiers in the narrative acted virtuously? Why or why not? Would Kant or Mill approve or disapprove of soldiers’ conduct? Why or why not? 3. To give structure to your paper, you should acknowledge the authors’ overall positions and what arguments they use to arrive at their conclusions (use an outline!). Before writing your paper, try to summarize as many of the authors’ arguments as you can. Having these arguments at the ready will help you avoid merely summarizing the authors’ writings and/or going off on tangents. The ability to present someone else’s argument accurately is a key skill in writing philosophy papers. 4. If there is something particularly interesting or troubling that you discover, spend time discussing why you find it interesting or troubling. If something you say highlights an issue or raises a question, resolve the issue or answer the question completely before moving on. Sometimes a seemingly simple question takes pages to answer completely. The focus of your paper may change while you’re in the middle of writing it, so give yourself enough time to go in a new direction if necessary. 5. It is good to incorporate definitions of key terms into your argument. 6. You gain credibility by addressing both sides of an argument. 7. Be charitable. You may say something to the effect that Walzer or another author does not appear to consider something that you believe to be important in your argument, but do not say that he is stupid or irrelevant because you do not share the same opinion. 8. In your paper, do not state whether you agree or disagree with any of the authors. Provide as objectively as you can the authors’ positions and arguments. A person with whom you disagree may actually have a better argument than someone with whom you do agree. 9. I expect thoughtful analysis, good organization, and proper grammar. Paper format: At least seven (7), but no more than eight (8) pages, one-sided, double-spaced, one-inch margins, 11- or 12-point Times New Roman font. Your introductory and concluding paragraphs should not be very long. Note: If your paper barely makes it to page 7, you will receive a reduction of one letter grade (see below for penalties). Citations: You must cite references to the text. If an idea belongs to an author, then give him credit. A proper citation will look like this: (Walzer 150). When you cite the philosophers we’ve studied, use the citation methods that you used for your previous papers. If you still have questions, ask me. Works cited: You must provide bibliographic entries for the texts you use. I have already placed the sources listed below in the JWT paper template. Make any corrections necessary (e.g., different editions or deletions of texts that you do not use [note that if you only use Plato’s Laches or Republic, you must spell out his name). See me if you have questions. Works Cited Mill, John Stuart. Utilitarianism. Classics of Moral and Political Theory, edited by Michael L. Morgan, 5th ed., Hackett, 2011, pp. 1069-102. Walzer, Michael. Just and Unjust Wars: A Moral Argument with Historical Illustrations. 5th ed., Perseus-Basic, 2015. Remember to provide proper documentation. I am truly expecting a polished paper. Please take note of the following penalties: Improper format (to include paper length): – 1 Letter Grade Excessive Grammar/Style Mistakes: – 1 to 1 ½ Letter Grades Inappropriate/Missing Citations: – ½ Letter Grade Missing/Improper Works Cited: – ½ Letter Grade Missing/Improper Documentation: – ½ Letter Grade
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